Gout is a kind of arthritis. It can cause an attack of sudden burning pain, stiffness, and swelling in a joint, usually a big toe. It can present itself in a couple of different ways. The most common is a type of inflammatory arthritis in the form of a red, hot, swollen joint most often occurring in the big toe. It may also present as Tophi, kidney stones, or urate nephropathy. And the cause of gout is elevated levels of uric acid in the blood. So what are the signs and symptoms of gout?
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Symptoms Of Gout
Gout symptoms usually come on suddenly and at night. In some cases, gout has no early signs. Gout symptoms often appear when the patient has had acute or chronic gout. Most gout symptoms usually last a few hours for 1-2 days. However, for severe cases, the pain can occur within weeks.
Swelling can also develop in other areas of the body:
- Top of the foot
Joint pain usually begins overnight as body temperatures drop, especially at the extremities of the body such as the tow where there is little fat or tissue to insulate the joint.
Deposits of uric acid crystals called Tophi can build up in people with longstanding hyperuricemia. Tophi form in the joints, cartilage, bones and sometimes break through the skin to appear as white nodules. If left untreated, Tophi can cause bone destruction and lead to noticeable disabilities. Tophi generally only forms after a very long period of hyperuricemia which is why it is important to start combatting gout as early as possible.
10 signs of Gout are not ignored
# 1 - Pain and swelling of the bog toe
Medical researchers estimate that over half of the total number of gout cases involve acute pain and swelling of the metatarsal-phalangeal joint, which is located at the base of the big toe.
# 2 - Acute pain attacks
Intermittent gout is typified by “attacks” of pain that usually lasts between three to 14 days. The acute pain accompanying intermittent pain is intense and surfaces without progression (e.g., chest pains.)
# 3 - Fatigue
As with many other medical conditions by which inflammation is the culprit, gout sufferers may become fatigued. Doctors have coined the term “RA fatigue” in describing the flu-like systemic tiredness.
# 4 - Kidney stones
High uric levels can also lead to the formation of crystals in the kidneys. If you are disposed to kidney stones, it may be wise to seek the counsel of your healthcare provider.
# 5 - Worries about stress
Stressing about stress is never a good thing. A stressed-out lifestyle is a catalyst, instigator, and enabler of every adverse health condition in existence. It is no surprise, then, that too much of it irritates gout and other inflammatory conditions.
# 6 - High blood pressure
Hypertension can cause serious health issues, such as heart disease, stroke, and others. High blood pressure is linked to chronically-high uric levels.
# 7 - Edema
Some people with gout are prone to tissue swelling, or edema. If you’ve had bouts of inflammation troubles, and don’t yet know the cause, it may be advisable to speak with a specialist.
# 8 - Anemia
According to a study published in the journal Arthritis Research and Therapy, anemia is associated with an increased risk of this condition. Per researchers, patients with anemia have a 200 percent higher risk than the average population.
# 9 - Decreased urine output
While technically not a direct sign of gout, far fewer trips to the toilet is a common symptom in those with kidney troubles. Any time a kidney problem surfaces, you should pay attention to other potential conditions as well.
# 10 - No warning
As stated, most first experience this condition as sudden and intense pain. Gout attacks are not typically preceded by any other noticeable physical or mental symptom.
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