High cholesterol symptoms and causes

High cholesterol causes and symptoms

Cholesterol is a waxy, fatlike substance that your liver produces. It’s vital for the formation of cell membranes, vitamin D, and certain hormones. Cholesterol doesn’t dissolve in water, so it can’t travel through the body by itself. Particles known as lipoproteins help transport cholesterol through the bloodstream. There are two major forms of lipoproteins LDL and HDL. If levels of LDL cholesterol are too high, or levels of HDL cholesterol are too low, this could cause problems throughout your body, particularly in your heart and brain, or it could be fatal. So what are the causes and symptoms of high cholesterol?

What is high cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a constituent of blood lipids, playing a very important role in most bodily activities. Most of the cholesterol in the blood is synthesized by the body (about 75%), the rest comes from food. 

There are 2 main types of cholesterol, LDL (bad cholesterol) and HDL (good cholesterol).

High cholesterol refers to a total cholesterol concentration above 5.2 mmol/L (200 mg/dL) . 

In addition, if LDL – cholesterol > 2.58 mmol/L (100 mg/dL) can cause blockage of the arteries, or an HDL – cholesterol concentration of less than 1.03 mmol/L (45 mg/dL) will decrease the ability to remove fat from the body.

Causes of high cholesterol

There are many causes of high cholesterol, the most common of which are the following:

  • Hereditary (pure hypercholesterolemia or familial hypercholesterolemia).
  • Lack of science living habits: Poor eating and inactivity.
  • Age and gender: The older you get, the greater your risk for cholesterol. Besides, men are more susceptible to cholesterol than women.
  • Due to the influence of some diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, kidney disease, hypothyroidism, overweight, obesity …
Cause of high cholesterol

Symptoms of high cholesterol

High cholesterol typically doesn’t cause any symptoms. 

Many people only discover the disease when performing tests or when having dangerous complications, such as atherosclerosis, heart attack, stroke, … 

According to health experts, you should see a doctor, cholesterol checked more frequently if you have a family history of high cholesterol. 

Or if you demonstrate the following risk factors:

  • Have high blood pressure
  • Overweight
  • Smoke
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